Arguments about the existence of god are not confined to the west buddhist and hindu philosophers in premodern india engaged in centuries-long arguments about the existence of a god-like being called isvara and the religious epistemology used to support them. But unlike western natural theology, nyaya did not invoke god to explain the existence of things, for atoms are eternal they only invoked god to explain the order of things nyaya also asserted an argument from delayed karma. Arguments for and against the existence of god have been proposed by scientists, philosophers, theologians, and others in philosophical terminology, existence-of-god arguments concern schools of thought on the epistemology of the ontology of god the debate concerning the existence of god. An effect is defined as the counter-entity of its own prior non-existence it is the negation of its own prior-negation nyaya and vaisesika believe that isvara created the universe with the ultimate particles called “anu-s (atoms)” the one reality remains unchanged” this argument is known as “vivarta-vada” there. Other nyaya scholars offered arguments to disprove the existence of god    the most important contribution made by the nyaya school to hindu thought has been its treatises on epistemology and system of logic that, subsequently, has been adopted by the majority of the other indian schools.
Nyayakusumanjali (a handful of flowers of logic) is a treatise in sanskrit composed by 10th century ce indian logician and philosopher udayanathe work has been described as codification of the hindu proof for the existence of god   it has been noted that this treatise is the most elaborate and the most fundamental work of the nyaya-vaiseshika school on the isvara doctrine. Gautama darsana (nyaya) kanada darsana (vaiseshika) kapila darsana (sankhya) they are not unanimous in accepting the existence and nature of iswara or a unitary godhead nyaya, yoga and uttara mimamsa say that there is an isvara the lord of all souls the other three are nireeswara vaadas they talk of atman,. Nyaya sutra in its first book enumerates the steps or the categories (padartha) of the methods (vadopaya) for structuring the argument and for presentation of the subject under debate, while the rest of the four books expand on these steps. Problem of the existence of god does not extend beyond a few lines, it has been of decisive importance in the history of nyzya for in one way or another all the subsequent nyaya-authors speak of god as ‘cause.
The transcendental argument for the existence of god is the argument that attempts to prove god's existence by arguing that logic, morals, and science ultimately presuppose a supreme being, and that god must be the source of logic and morals. Nyāya's methods of analysis and argument resolution influenced much of classical indian literary criticism, philosophical debate, and jurisprudence metaphysically, nyāya defends a robust realism, including universals , selves, and substances, largely in debate with buddhist anti-realists and flux-theorists. The nyaya argument for the existence of the self through the notion of agency: ‘from the actions of the mind towards the contact of the sense-organ apprehending desirable objects, we infer the existence of the self’ 8 an analogy offered by the nyaya is that from the action of regular breathing we infer the existence of the agent who would. This school comes primarily from the nyāyakusumanjali by udayana, written to prove the existence of god in 9 valid arguments nyāya means rule, law, justice or right judgment the nyaya school deals with “logical realism” of the world as an independent realty that is separate from the thinking and cognitive minds. Philosophical arguments for and against the existence of god have been crucial to euro-american and south asian philosophers for over a millennium critical to the history of philosophy in india, were the centuries-long arguments between buddhist and hindu philosophers about the existence of a god-like being called isvara and the religious.
Nyaya and vaisesika believe that isvara created the universe with the ultimate particles called anu-s here isvara is the nimitta-karana and the anu-s are the upadana-karana they came into existence by the anu-s being shaped this argument is known as vivarta-vada. The proofs for the existence of god in the indian philosophical tradition according to the rules of logical argumentation (ishvaranumana) are best studied in the traditional hindu darshana nyaes. Nyaya uses inference to establish reasons and come to conclusions in arguments if an inference has five necessary parts, it is assumed that it can give correct knowledge these components are: pratijna (statements), hetu (reason), udaharana (example), upanaya (universal proposition) and nigamana (conclusion. Overview the most important contribution made by the nyaya school to modern hindu thought is its methodology to prove existence of god, based on the vedas.
Nyaya-vaiseshika: nyaya is the school of indian logic teleological and anthropic arguments for the existence of a creator god the vedas are generally regarded to be compositions of this creator however, isvara, an omniscient god, as a 25th principle, is an important feature of the yoga school. Later scholars of nyaya school reconsidered this question and offered counter arguments for what is ishvara and various arguments to prove the existence of ishvara  in nyayasutra's book 4, chapter 1 examines what causes production and destruction of entities (life, matter) in universe. Nyaya argument for the existence of god early naiyayikas wrote very little about god, ie, ishvara (literally, the supreme lord) however, later buddhists in india had become from agnostic to strictly atheistic.
The second objection to the nyaya conception of god is that if god is the creator of this universe he must possess a body because without a body no activity can be indulged in naiyayikas answer this by saying that existence of god is either proved by the sruti or it is disproved. Existence is commonly present in everything that we regard as existing, but it is not an existence of this thing or that thing as a table exists, a chair exists, a mountain exists, the sun exists, the moon exists, i exist, you exist. In the treasury, vasubandhu provides an argument against the existence of īśvara, a god who is the sovereign creator of everything for vasubandhu, theism is essentially the absurd notion that all of creation might be the result of a single cause.
Nyaya is also called tarka-sastra and its author is gautama its main purpose is to establish by reasoning that the karta or creator of all this world is parameswara indeed, it seeks to prove the existence of isvara through inference. Nyayakusumanjali (a handful of flowers of logic) is a treatise in sanskrit composed by 10th century ce indian logician and philosopher udayanathe work has been described as codification of the hindu proof for the existence of god it has been noted that this treatise is the most elaborate and the most fundamental work of the nyaya-vaiseshika school on the isvara doctrine. A purely physical explanation requires non-intelligent atoms and molecules to intelligently construct and supply meaning to life's code, dna and that is the logical incoherence of the theory of abiogenesis and all theories that advocate a non-intelligent first cause.